Skip to Main Content

Year 10 History: Heroes or Villians?

Heroes or Villians?

Heroes or Villains?

 The contributions of many people have woven a rich history of Fights for Freedom, Civil Rights and Land Rights.

Others are famous for their achievements in Sport, Political Leadership or in Humanitarian fields of work.

Some people have become famous for being the first  person to attempt a great feat or to attain a World Record..

How will history judge them ...as heroes or villains? 

Britannica Encyclopedia: Biographies

Biographies of World Leaders: History and Society

(click on link above for further information)

Adolf Hitler

Mahatma Ghandi

Indira Ghandi

Karl Marx

Vladimir Lenin

Napoléon I (Napoleon Bonaparte)

Nelson Mandela

Mother Teresa

Eva Peron

Che Guevara

Martin Luther King Jnr

Winston Churchill

Queen Elizabeth II

Margaret Thatcher

John F Kennedy

Ho Chi Minh

Pope John XXIII

Hilary Clinton

 

Pol Pot

Joseph Stalin

Mao Zedong

 

Significant Australians

Prime Ministers of Australia: National Museum of Australia

Edmund Barton: Australia's first Prime Minister

Gough Whitlam

Julia Gillard - first Australian female Prime Minister

 

National Musuem of Australia: Collaborating for Indigenous Rights - People

Eddie Mabo

Charles Perkins

Vincent Lingari

Faith Bandlar

Women who challenged the norm

 

Amelia Earhart - American female pilot and pioneer and author (b. 1897; disappeared July 2, 1937) was an American aviation pioneer and author. Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. 

Coco Chanel - fashion

French fashion designer who ruled over Parisian haute couture for almost six decades.

 

Marie Curie - Physicist

Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, in Physics, and with her later win, in Chemistry, she became the first person to claim Nobel honors twice.

 

 

Hero or Villian?

Ned Kelly: Hero or Villian?

National Museum of Australia

Ned Kelly on the Australasian Sketcher cover, 10 July 1880. National Museum of Australia

Sports Heroes

Sporting Legends

Yvonne Goolagong-Cawley - Australian tennis champion

 

Cathie Freeman - Athletics Champion

 

Peter Norman - Olympic silver medalist 1968 and Order of Merit recipient (posthumously) - pictured here supporting American athletes in a silent civil rights protest

 

Sir Jack BrabhamFormula One World Champion

 

Sir Donald Bradman ("The Don") - acknowledged as the greatest cricketer of all time

                       

More Australian Sporting Legends

 

Billie Jean King - American tennis champion known for her feminist views pitted against chauvinist Bobby Riggs in a "Battle of the Sexes" match in 1973

                                                          

 

Muhammad Ali - world boxing champion and one of the greatest athletes of 20th century. Muhammad Ali was also controversial.

 

Celebraties - good or bad?

Princess of Wales

Diana, Princess of Wales, was a member of the British royal family. She was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, and the mother of Prince William and Prince Harry.

She was also did a lot of humanitarian work which was sometimes overshadowed by tell-all books and interviews about her marriage to Prince Charles which ended in 1996.

Germaine Greer

Germaine Greer is an Australian writer and public intellectual, regarded as one of the major voices of the second-wave feminist movement in the latter half of the 20th century. She has been heavily criticised for her controversial ideals.

Suffragettes

Women's Suffrage Movement - "Votes for Women!"

Notable figures from the suffragette movement:

Political activist, Emmeline Pankhurst (15 July 1858 - 14 June 1928), was the leader of the British Suffragette movement. She helped women win the right to vote.

 

Time Magazine named Emmeline Pankhurst as one of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century.

 

Emmeline Pankhurst  is forcibly dragged away by authorities (May 21st 1914)

 

Emily Davison - was a militant fighter for the rights of women, she was arrested on several occasions. 

Tragically, in 1913 she was trampled to death after invading a horse track protesting and fighting for the 'cause'.

 

Muriel Matters - Australian actress played a major part in the suffrage movement. Mural in backstreet Adelaide - a tribute to Muriel Matters who grew up in Adelaide and was appalled at the lack of women's rights in the United Kingdom; she was a trailblazer and helped gain support for women's rights.

 

Women recall their struggle to win the vote: BBC Archives: Suffragettes

U.K National Archives: Cat and Mice: what tactics were used by suffragettes, police and government?

Suffragette film (2015) - British historical drama depicting major characters of the suffrage movement and radical political activism in Britain 1912.

The film starred: Carey Mulligan, Helena Bonham Carter and Meryl Streep.

 

Suffragettes in film - early 20th century women's battle captured on film:

https://www.bfi.org.uk/news-opinion/news-bfi/features/suffragettes

 

 

Significant Australians: Women's Rights

 

ERGO:  The Fight for Rights: Women Rights

Click link above for more information on women's rights

Australian Women's Register

Click link above for names of notable women

Significant Australian Women

Miles Franklin - author

Edith Cowan - social worker

Michelle Payne - female jockey

Digital Resources and Databases