The modern period of history is often considered to have begun with the Renaissance, one of the rare periods of genius in the world’s history. It immediately followed the period in Europe known as the Middle Ages. The Renaissance began in Italy during the 14th century and reached its height in the 15th. In the 16th and 17th centuries it spread to the rest of Europe.
The word renaissance means “rebirth.” It refers to the rediscovery by scholars (called humanists) of the classical writings—those of the ancient Greeks and Romans. In fact, however, the Renaissance was a period of discovery in many fields—of new scientific laws, new forms of art and literature, new religious and political ideas, and new lands, including America. (Britannica school).
The Renaissance began in Italy during the 1400s and lasted until the 1600s. It saw a period of interest in the classical antiquity of Greece and Rome. It was a time of great cultural change and wonderful accomplishments in architecture, literature, art, music, science, and exploration. (4 min.)
John Green teaches you about the European Renaissance. European learning changed the world in the 15th and 16th century, but was it a cultural revolution, or an evolution?
Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci was inspired by a conversation with Christopher Columbus to sail to the New World. Learn more Vespucci about his relationship with the continent that shares his name in this video. (3 min.)